Basic, for each moniker is actually analyzed for its denotational characteristics and emblematic (here actor-focal, context sure) stereotypical image functions

Research Research

For the studying away from nicknames because emblems-an idea in which the person that reads the fresh cues is clearly encorporated-inside research the author was the main reader of the nicknames. Concurrently, mom tongue speakers of Italian language and search associates was asked for its readings and you may understandings of your own nicknames. After that, commonalities and you may variations one of several nicknames have been labeled, very first with respect to denotational qualities and 2nd on the level away from person functions since the attitude indexicals. six

Just like the has been argued a lot more than, denotation is not experience separate, for example in the metaphorical uses out of terms. With the latest data, case have to be described as telecommunications regarding HO message board. This means that a moniker denoting a plant, an animal, otherwise a star, eg, have to be discover metaphorically. As well as, a moniker one to indicates “child” have to be discover metaphorically for the HO. The new nick Pueppi23(German) into the HO metaphorically denotes “stupid, over-styled lady,” no matter if various other contexts, where in actuality the referent was a member of the class dolls, they indicates “small toy.”


Almost half of this new nicknames much more otherwise less identified earliest brands, such Samirah and Ivon. Brand new corpus includes 34 basic brands, at which twenty five have been girls, 7 men, and two possibly male or female. Regarding group of almost every other nouns, sex takes on an evident character. Of your eight personal nouns throughout the discussion board (discover Dining table step one), four try lexically females, you to definitely lexically male, and two commonly lexically gendered. Of your most other nouns (25), eleven looked like grammatically women, a couple masculine, and you may 7 neuter. Removed along with her, the initial names and you may nouns (67 of full regarding 83 nicknames = 81%) inform you a very clear predominance off femaleness. Although not, the fresh new nicks commonly constantly gendered. As an instance, the newest moniker report cup does not be seemingly gendered within the the brand new HO perspective. Hence, regardless of if gender is apparently an important term classification when you look at the HO nicknames, that isn’t obligatory.

Code Resource

This new nicknames show a refreshing sorts of words sources. The fresh new languages utilized, including the languages of which the newest known basic labels are derived, are: Italian language, Southern area German, Language, English, Italian, Swedish, Icelandic, Latin, Turkish, Greek, Arabic, Bulgarian, Chinese, Finnish, Hungarian, and you will Czech. With regards to demeanor or name, the players which have low-Italian language nicks (which are not frequently employed german born contexts) look unique, unique, if you don’t exotic.

Of several nicknames which might be earliest labels is actually away from low-Italian language origin. Iveta are an excellent Czech first-name, Raya is actually Bulgarian, Alessia is actually Italian, and you can Finja is actually Finnish. Variations come in spelling or in incorporating amounts, particularly in Sophia_21. This type of very first names was coded for gender, meaning that they are stereotypical indexicals for females otherwise guys. Several other gang of nicknames is not gender coded. They seem to be book structures, we.elizabeth., newly invented. Only their phonological finish means they are seem like male or female labels, e.g., kareja and Taurelia. These endings provide the brand new nicks gendered and you can trait gender since an excellent durable trait towards the people carrying the fresh nick.


From the selection of nicknames that aren’t sometimes known correct labels, certain denotational designs would be seen. While the revealed in Dining table dos, plants, fauna, and you may meteorology/astrology just like the various parts of nature are often utilized information having nicknames. Essentially, it can be contended you to during the occidental culture, nature (when not developed from because aggressive, insane, otherwise effective, but rather once the “mother earth”) is related in order to womanliness, and that renders good “nature” nickname a demeanor indexical out-of a certain brand of femininity. But not, eg significance are very dependent on the perspective. Alot more correctly, the meaning out of a good metaphor including lady are nature is dependent on where, where community off routine, it occurs ( Eckert & McConnell-Ginet, 2003). Regarding the HO forum, having a very high part of ladies exactly who struggle with dining disorders, inside nicknames like Loewen_maeulchen(German “short breeze dragon,” but also “short lion’s lips”) and you can baerli(Italian language “small incur”), the fresh new “smallness” of one’s pets in it suggests that they need to never be understand once the competitive, male signs from nature. A little happen is actually a good cuddly doll, as opposed to a hostile monster.